Legal Assistance for Child Custody Read more : http://www.ehow.com/info_12339608_legal-assistance-child-custody.html

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If you need legal help in a battle for child custody, but don’t have the money to hire a lawyer, you might not know where to turn. However, all is not lost, as in certain situations, services are available if your finances are preventing you from hiring an attorney. Even if there is no one is available to represent you in court, legal assistance can help you learn how to fill out the necessary documents and represent yourself effectively.

Legal Aid

  • If you are low-income, a nonprofit legal aid organization might help you with your child custody case. You can contact your local legal services or legal aid society for help with your custody case. You can also ask the family court clerk for contact information for a local legal aid organization.

Pro Bono Work

  • The American Bar Association’s guidelines state that every lawyer should “aspire” to provide at least 50 annual hours of free legal services “pro bono publico,” or for the public good. That includes assisting legal aid services or other nonprofit organizations benefiting the poor. While the demand for such services always exceeds the supply of available attorneys, your local legal aid society can give you information about family law lawyers who might work with you pro bono. If you live near a law school, you may inquire about free legal clinics. If you aren’t aware of law schools in your area, ask for information in family court or the local bar association.

Prepaid Legal Services

  • Some companies and unions offer prepaid legal services for employees. You may contact a human resources representative in your company or union and find out whether you are covered by such a plan and what it offers. While such plans are often quite basic, you might receive discounts from participating lawyers or be entitled to a brief consultation and review of your paperwork.

Custody Mediation

  • You may also ask a family court representative about custody mediation. If you and your former partner can sit down and talk with a trained mediator about your child custody issues, it’s possible you could work something out that’s amenable to both of you. Before mediation begins, the mediator will interview both of you separately to determine whether she believes mediation is appropriate for your situation. Mediation is a mutual process; it’s only possible if you and your ex agree to it.

Do It Yourself

  • Even if a legal aid office doesn’t have the staffing or resources to actually represent you in court, it might have materials and tutorials available to help you through the child custody process. Some legal aid societies offer clinics on how to deal with certain issues including child custody. You can attend these clinics and ask questions of the lawyer conducting them. The attorney can tell you how to file for custody, as well as mistakes to avoid so you don’t inadvertently harm your case.

Legal Aid for Low Income Families in Lancaster, California

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For families and individuals with low incomes, the cost of legal representation is a major obstacle to obtaining justice. Legal aid societies are nonprofit corporations that receive private and public funding in order to provide legal representation to low-income individuals in a variety of areas of law, including family law, criminal law and immigration law. In order to serve low-income families in Lancaster, California, there are several legal aid societies located throughout Los Angeles County.

Legal Aid Foundation of Los Angeles

  • The Legal Aid Foundation of Los Angeles provides legal representation for low-income families in Lancaster. The foundation represents low-income individuals in a variety of immigration cases, including naturalization and deportation proceedings. The foundation also represents victims of domestic violence, persons receiving federal housing assistance and persons who have had their government benefits terminated. The foundation also accept family law clients, including child custody cases, sexual assault cases and victims of child concealment.

Bet Tzedek

  • Bet Tzedek is a Jewish legal aid society that has provided free legal assistance to more than 10,000 low-income individuals from a variety of racial and religious backgrounds. Bet Tzedek accepts a variety of cases on behalf of low-income families, including landlord-tenant disputes, unlawful debt collection cases, government benefits cases, consumer fraud cases and elder abuse cases. Bet Tzedek does not accept criminal, immigration or divorce cases.

Harriet Buhai Center for Family Law

  • The Harriet Buhai Center for Family Law exclusively accepts family law cases on behalf of low-income individuals living in Los Angeles County, including in Lancaster. Through the Center’s pro per program, low-income individuals receive free assistance in preparing and filing court documents in a variety of family law cases, including petitions for divorce and child support. The Center also operates the Child Support Project, which provides free legal representation on behalf of children living below the poverty line who are not receiving regular child support payments.

Neighborhood Legal Services of Los Angeles County

  • This organization provides legal representation on a variety of legal issues for low-income individuals in Lancaster, including housing law, domestic violence cases, family law, immigration law, employment law and public benefits. The organization also operates the Health Consumer Center, a community think-tank devoted to increasing access to health care for low-income families. The organization also accepts cases pertaining to the violation of the civil rights on a pro bono basis.

How to Find Legal Aid

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You’re having legal difficulties and you can’t afford a lawyer. You don’t have to give up without a legal fight. There are lawyers who can help you. Legal aid agencies help individuals who need legal representation. Follow these steps and find legal aid near you.

Instructions

  1. Calculate your income. Legal aid is for people who can’t afford a lawyer. Find your income level to determine if you fall into the income bracket. Legal aid helps those with low income levels.
  2. Talk to others in similar situations. Find a support group and speak to others who understand how you feel. Ask for advice and tips for finding legal aid for your particular circumstances.
  3. Check your local phone book. Look in the yellow pages under legal, law or lawyer. Look for legal aid. Check the local government section of the phone book. Some phone books have a special section for government agencies.
  4. Call a lawyer. Ask for a free consultation. Some lawyers give you an hour free. You can also ask the lawyer for the name of a legal aid representative or lawyer.
  5. Check your local court house or police station. Ask for the number of legal aid. Officials connected to the law often have information available if legal representation is a right in your country.
  6. Ask a social worker or case worker. Check with workers compensation or your doctor if you have a legal medical concern. All of these social organizations are connected in some way so those in charge often have the numbers of connected agencies.
  7. Search online for maps and directions to your local legal aid organization. You can also find online support groups, web sites and phone books. You can look for help online without even leaving your house.

How to Get Free Family Law Help

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Family law issues are confusing and usually require the assistance of an attorney barred in the state where you reside. Lawyers are expensive and it is difficult for many people in need of legal help to afford a lawyer. Many programs are available to help serve low income people in need of family law help.

Instructions

  1. Define why you are seeking legal help and outline the family law issue you need addressed.
  2. Contact the law schools in your area. Many law schools operate free clinics that provide free family law advice and representation. Check to see if a local law school has a free family law clinic that can help you.
  3. Contact the local chapter of legal aid. The mission of legal aid is to provide representation for people who otherwise can not afford a lawyer. Qualification may vary but most legal aid represent folks who need help if their income is at or below the poverty line.
  4. Look for lawyers that run a pro bono program. Many large corporate lawyer firms run a pro bono program. These firms allow their lawyers to donate some of their time for free. Many large firms use pro bono programs to enable young attorneys to get client, negotiation and court room experience. Although the attorneys in the pro bono program may be young and relatively inexperienced, pro bono lawyers at large firms are likely to have top grades and prestigious law review experience from top law schools.
  5. Check the US Justice Department’s (DOJ) list of free legal service providers. The Office of the Chief Immigration Judge maintains a list of n attorneys, bar associations, and nonprofit organizations willing to provide free legal services to indigent individuals in immigration proceedings pursuant to 8 C.F.R. § 1003.61. Many of the lawyers on the list help with family law matters as well as immigration concerns.
  6. Document your financial need. If you plan to use a legal aid lawyer, select a lawyer off the DOJ free providers list, participate in a free law clinic at a law school or take advantage of the pro bono program of a large law firm, then you will be asked to show that you meet the definition of financial need. Before requesting services from any of these programs, check to be sure you qualify and collect the documents needed to prove your qualification.
  7. Contact a local attorney who works on a contingency basis. Lawyers paid by contingency fee usually accept cases based on the quality of the case and without regard to the financial need of the client. Many lawyers do not charge for the first consultation visit. In the first visit, the lawyer will listen to your problems and evaluate your legal case. If the lawyer decides to represent you, the lawyer may take the case on a contingency basis rather than billing you on an hourly basis for legal work. In other words, if the lawyer takes your case on contingency, the lawyer will take a fee based on a percentage of the money awarded to you after a settlement or successful conclusion of litigation. Lawyers working on a contingency will not take your case if they think you are not likely to get an award of damages because the lawyer will not be paid unless you win your case. Family matters are not usually taken on contingency, but some are and a lawyer listening to your facts may be able to refer you to a lawyer that can help you with your family law question for free.

How to Qualify for Legal Aid

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Legal Aid is the provision of civil legal services to people who otherwise cannot afford the services of a lawyer. The body that oversees and funds legal aid services across the country is the Legal Services Corporation (LSC), a non-profit corporation founded by and funded by Congress. There are LSC-funded legal aid programs across the country.

Instructions

  1. Locate a legal aid office in your locality. Go to the LSC website and locate a program in your state (see Resources).
  2. Call and get information on the application process. Each legal aid office has requirements that need to be met to satisfy its conditions for offering services and the type of cases it will take on, within the stipulation of the law governing the LSC. In most cases if you receive any form of government assistance, it is highly likely that you will meet the low income requirement needed to qualify for legal aid.
  3. Fill out the application form providing information on your income, locality, home and other assets if applicable and the type of legal help you are seeking. Once you apply, the legal aid officials upon consideration of your particular case and individual circumstances will determine if they are willing to represent you.
  4. If the legal aid office has taken up your case, you need to have all the information and documents regarding your case. This will be needed by the legal aid attorneys representing you. Depending on the locality, legal aid offices take in housing, employment, health, nursing home problems and issues relating to elder law and children’s law, to mention a few.
  5. Set aside court and filing fees. While the legal services provided by the attorneys at the legal aid office are free, in most cases you will be responsible for paying for court and filing fees.

Legal Aid for Family Law

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Family law is complex. Additionally, family law cases tend to be very emotional matters. If you find yourself financially unable to retain a family law attorney, consider obtaining pro bono (no fee) representation or an attorney who charges a reduced fee. There are specific types of legal aid organizations that provide quality, effective and experienced legal representation to individuals and families of limited financial means.

Function

  • The function of legal aid organizations includes providing legal assistance in family law cases of all types. These include divorce, child custody, child visitation and related matters. The typical legal aid organization provides these types of legal representation at no fee or a low fee, based on a client’s income.

Types

  • A common type of legal aid organization is a not-for-profit agency providing a wide range of legal services, from eviction cases to family law cases of all types. A legal aid agency charges no fee or a reduced fee, depending on income. Another type of legal aid program is that offered by a law school. Nearly all law schools in the United States offer clinical programs through which economically disadvantaged clients receive legal services at no cost.

Features

  • A not-for-profit legal aid organization provides you with an attorney to represent your interest in your particular case. A law school legal clinic assigns a law student in her final year to represent your interests in a case. The law student is certified as being qualified to provide you legal assistance. The efforts of the law student are supervised by a duly licensed attorney.

Benefits

  • The benefits of accessing one of these types of legal aid programs is that you obtain experienced representation in your family law matter. You do not have to resort to muddling through a case on your own, not really knowing whether you are making the best decisions about your family law matter.

Warning

  • Contact a legal aid organization in your community immediately upon learning you face a family law case. Do not take any steps on your own behalf in a case prior to consulting with a professional from such an organization. Advise the court and the opposing attorney that you are seeking legal representation and need at least a short period of time to accomplish that task.

How to Find Free Legal Representation for Family Law

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Many people need an attorney in order to deal with a divorce or child custody issue, but not everyone has the money to afford one. Thankfully, state legal aid organizations provide family law attorneys to people who are in dire need. If you meet the requirements for free legal services, and have access to the Internet and a phone, you will be able to find an attorney to serve your needs.

Finding Free Legal Representation for Family Law

  1. Go online and enter the name of a legal aid organization into a search engine like Google. If you do not have the name of an organization, try “legal aid” followed by the name of your state. The results will reveal a state organization or organizations that provide free services to low income individuals.
    Search the net for free legal services
  2. Search through the list to find the organization that handles family law matters. You will see a number of different organizations not all of which focus on your area of concern. For example, Greater Boston Legal Services does represent clients in domestic law issues. But there are numerous others in the Boston area that focus on other matters such as immigration law. Make sure that the organization that you want to contact actually handles your issues.
    Adoption and child custody are handled by legal services organizations
  3. Ensure that you meet the financial requirement for free legal services. You may think that you do not have much money, but the requirement is a strict financial one. On its web page, the organization will state its financial requirements, which are a certain percentage of the federal poverty level. Many states only provide free legal services to people whose income is at or below 125 percent of the Federal Poverty Guidelines. Some go as high as 150 percent. Type in the search “Federal Poverty Guidelines,” and you can find a chart that lists the guidelines for your family size. In states with a 125 percent requirement, a family of three could not have an income more than $22,888. In states with a 150 percent requirement, a family of three could have an income up to $27,465. Your combined family income cannot exceed that number for you to receive free legal services, with the exception of services to seniors in some states.
    To receive free services, you must not exceed federal incomes guidelines
  4. Contact the organization. Be prepared to explain to the attorney or staff member your situation, such as whether you are seeking a divorce, or interested in litigating child custody. Make sure that you know your income to ensure that you qualify, and have copies of your W-2 forms or anything that proves your income. Ask the person with whom you speak what you should bring to your consultation. After explaining your needs, schedule an appointment.
    Call the organization to schedule a consultation
  5. Meet with an attorney for the organization. While it may seem, based on your research, that you should be entitled to free legal services, you will not know until the moment the attorney tells you that he is taking your case.
    Talk with an attorney about your situation

What Are the Divorce Laws in England?

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Divorces in the United Kingdom can take as little as 16 weeks if there is no problem with documentation and each side cooperates. However, before filing for a divorce it is important to understand there are certain laws regarding divorce in the United Kingdom. Before visiting a solicitor, know the basics of divorce law in the United Kingdom.

Grounds

  • Most people know from watching celebrity divorces unfold on television that people often cite the same reason for divorce. Much like “creative differences” when a band breaks up, many people filing for divorce cite “irreconcilable differences.” There are actually five different grounds for a divorce, and a couple must fall into one of the categories before pursuing a divorce.

Adultery

  • One of the five grounds for divorce in the United Kingdom is adultery. Adultery is when one of the spouses, or both, have an extramarital affair. Unlike some of the other grounds, adultery relates to unreasonable behavior and allows for an instant divorce to occur instead of extended trials. A divorce can only be on grounds of adultery when it actually occurs and there must be evidence. If a divorce is going to be based on adultery, it must be filed within six months of discovering the adultery.

Unreasonable Behavior

  • Unreasonable behavior applies to all areas of divorce. It is the most common reason behind divorces because it is so broad. Unlike filing for desertion or separation with consent, unreasonable behavior allows for a quick divorce. This is for situations in which there was no adultery. In a nutshell, most people who cite unreasonable behavior cannot stand to be married a second longer for a variety of reasons: spouses may argue constantly, have little or nothing in common, or no longer love each other.

Desertion and Separation

  • All divorces filed with desertion, two years separation with consent, and five years separation with consent take time because the couple is apart for awhile before proceeding with the divorce. These divorces take no less than two years. After the designated period of time, the couple can file for a decree, but it can be refused if either person opposes the divorce.

Filing and Service

  • To obtain a divorce in the United Kingdom both parties must file certain forms and documents to have the divorce granted. First one party must file for a petition that includes arrangements for any children under 16. After submission, the court will look at all documents and make sure all requirements are met. The divorce will be issued to the Respondent (spouse who did not file for divorce).

Acknowledge and Confirming

  • The Respondent must return a signed Statement of Arrangements and Acknowledgment to the courts within 28 days of issuance. The signed agreement and an Affidavit are given to the Petitioner (spouse who filed) and all information must be verified as factual by the Petitioner. Once this is sent back to the courts, a Decree Nisi must be granted upon approval of divorce. Six weeks and one day after the Decree Nisi is granted, the Petitioner must apply for a Decree Absolute. After this is approved the divorce is finalized.

How to Become a Divorce Mediator

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Divorce mediators are not lawyers and have no special licensing, but mediators typically have a strong academic background in law, psychology or social services. Psychologists and lawyers refer couples to mediators if they request it or as a way to reduce the costs of divorce and reach a speedy and peaceful resolution.

Working It Out

  1. Earn at least a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university. Majors like pre-law, psychology and social work are all good qualifications for becoming a divorce mediator at a firm. Specific courses in divorce mediation are also available and may enhance a mediator’s resume.
  2. Contact lawyers and law firms that are friendly to mediation. Some firms advertise themselves as “Mediation Firms.” Some lawyers oppose mediation and advise their clients against it. Get suggestions from other mediators or just ask the firms involved when you are canvassing for contacts.
  3. Prepare to work directly with lawyers. In particularly adversarial divorce cases, it may be too emotionally difficult for spouses to go through mediation themselves. Neutrality is the goal of the mediator, and this impartiality should extend to the lawyers of both spouses.
  4. Take courses or gain training in child psychology to assist in mediation for couples that have children. Child custody is the most conflict-ridden aspect of most divorces and can test a mediator’s neutrality.
  5. Continue education in mediation. Attending law school may be helpful, as would further education in psychology. Mediators are not therapists, however, and should not act as such. Developing contacts in family law, psychology and social work may be helpful to growing a mediation practice.

What Are the Divorce Laws in England?

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Divorces in the United Kingdom can take as little as 16 weeks if there is no problem with documentation and each side cooperates. However, before filing for a divorce it is important to understand there are certain laws regarding divorce in the United Kingdom. Before visiting a solicitor, know the basics of divorce law in the United Kingdom.

Grounds

  • Most people know from watching celebrity divorces unfold on television that people often cite the same reason for divorce. Much like “creative differences” when a band breaks up, many people filing for divorce cite “irreconcilable differences.” There are actually five different grounds for a divorce, and a couple must fall into one of the categories before pursuing a divorce.

Adultery

  • One of the five grounds for divorce in the United Kingdom is adultery. Adultery is when one of the spouses, or both, have an extramarital affair. Unlike some of the other grounds, adultery relates to unreasonable behavior and allows for an instant divorce to occur instead of extended trials. A divorce can only be on grounds of adultery when it actually occurs and there must be evidence. If a divorce is going to be based on adultery, it must be filed within six months of discovering the adultery.

Unreasonable Behavior

  • Unreasonable behavior applies to all areas of divorce. It is the most common reason behind divorces because it is so broad. Unlike filing for desertion or separation with consent, unreasonable behavior allows for a quick divorce. This is for situations in which there was no adultery. In a nutshell, most people who cite unreasonable behavior cannot stand to be married a second longer for a variety of reasons: spouses may argue constantly, have little or nothing in common, or no longer love each other.

Desertion and Separation

  • All divorces filed with desertion, two years separation with consent, and five years separation with consent take time because the couple is apart for awhile before proceeding with the divorce. These divorces take no less than two years. After the designated period of time, the couple can file for a decree, but it can be refused if either person opposes the divorce.

Filing and Service

  • To obtain a divorce in the United Kingdom both parties must file certain forms and documents to have the divorce granted. First one party must file for a petition that includes arrangements for any children under 16. After submission, the court will look at all documents and make sure all requirements are met. The divorce will be issued to the Respondent (spouse who did not file for divorce).

Acknowledge and Confirming

  • The Respondent must return a signed Statement of Arrangements and Acknowledgment to the courts within 28 days of issuance. The signed agreement and an Affidavit are given to the Petitioner (spouse who filed) and all information must be verified as factual by the Petitioner. Once this is sent back to the courts, a Decree Nisi must be granted upon approval of divorce. Six weeks and one day after the Decree Nisi is granted, the Petitioner must apply for a Decree Absolute. After this is approved the divorce is finalized.

How to Request a Modification of Child Support in California

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Sometimes unforeseen circumstances in the lives of divorced parents can dramatically affect their standard of living and their ability to help support underage children. In California, when such problems such as job loss and reduced work hours make it more difficult, if not impossible, for them to pay their court-ordered amount of child support, they can petition the court that handled their divorce for a modification of the financial terms of support.

Instructions

  1. Obtain child support modification forms from the clerk of the divorce court where your marriage was dissolved. You’ll need four forms: FL-390, the Motion for Simplified Modification of Order; FL-392, Responsive Declaration to Motion for Simplified Modification; and the FL-150, income and expense declaration, and FL-155, the simplified financial statement form. At the time you pick up the forms, ask the clerk to schedule a hearing date for the modification request. You’ll need to enter the hearing date when filling out the forms.
  2. Fill out the Notice of Motion form completely, making sure to include the amount that you want to modify the child support amount to. Then read the back of the simplified financial statement form to see whether you qualify to use the form. If so, fill it out. If not, fill out the income and expense declaration form. After filling out the financial form, attach copies of your three most recent pay stubs and your most recent W-2 form.
  3. Make three copies of each completed form, then return the originals to the court clerk. After that, either mail or deliver by hand one set of copies to the other parent, provide another set to your local child support agency and keep the third set of paperwork for yourself. You’ll need to take the paperwork with you to your hearing.
  4. Attend the previously-scheduled hearing at the appointed time on the scheduled date. Be sure to take copies of financial data that you think will help you prove that your financial circumstances have changed to the extent that a modification in child support payments is necessary. Present your case to the judge. At the end of the hearing, abide by whatever ruling the judge issues regarding the modification.

 Catholic Rules About Divorce and Communion

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Roman Catholic teachings regarding divorce and the Eucharist, or Holy Communion, directly stem from core church doctrine about marriage as one of the seven sacraments. Although the Catholic hierarchy formally recognizes the difficulties surrounding divorce, bishops uphold the doctrine that marriage in the Catholic Church represents an unbreakable bond. Even so, divorced individuals can receive communion as long as they meet certain conditions.

Catholic Teaching: Marriage Is a Sacrament

  • Catholic doctrine recognizes seven sacraments, including the sacraments of Holy Eucharist and marriage. In the Catholic tradition, sacraments are outward signs that point to the reality of God in the world. According to church teaching, because God’s grace administers the sacraments, they withstand any human attempts to end them. Additionally, because the Eucharist represents church doctrine about Jesus, only Catholics who are “properly disposed,” or not consciously in a state of sin, such as remarrying without a Catholic annulment, may receive communion.

Catholic Teaching: Divorce

  • The church teaches that, when Catholics marry, the couple receives a gift from God and becomes a permanent sign of Christ in the world. When a couple makes a decision to divorce, even though civil law recognizes the dissolution of the union, the Catholic Church does not. While divorced Catholics continue as full members of the church, they may receive communion only under one of two conditions: they do not remarry; or, if they wish to remarry, they first receive a Catholic annulment, which frees them to marry again.

Catholic Teaching: Annulments

  • When divorced Catholics want to marry again, they must obtain permission to do so if they want to continue to receive Communion. A Catholic annulment does not nullify previous marriages, but the process represents the means by which the church validates members’ freedom to remarry. The annulment tribunal reviews documents submitted by petitioners, and evaluates their states of mind before and during previous marriages. Based on testimonies of both marriage partners and others who witnessed the marriage, the process helps the tribunal to determine if individuals went into former marriages fully prepared to commit to a lifelong relationship. A Catholic annulment invalidates a previous marriage. After a process that can take a year or more, depending on the diocese, the tribunal issues an annulment, and divorced petitioners may marry again in the Catholic Church, and receive communion.

Recent Topics at the Vatican

  • In fall of 2014, Pope Francis called for mercy on the part of the church hierarchy toward Catholics who remarry without annulments. He also established a commission to simplify the annulment process. While the pope’s request for understanding resonated with some Catholics around the world, members of the hierarchy responded with concern that removal of the ban on Communion for remarried Catholics risks trivializing “the image of God.”

How to Apply for Divorce in India

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Unlike divorce proceedings in the United States, which could take only a few months to process from filing date to the termination of the marriage contract, obtaining a divorce in India can take years to complete. Therefore, the proper application procedures, including the hiring of an experienced Indian divorce attorney, are essential to successfully obtain a divorce in a timely manner.

Instructions

  1. Hire an experienced divorce attorney. While it is not always necessary to hire an attorney if both parties agree on the divorce (no-fault divorce), if the divorce is contested, then it will be subject to the Indian Marriage Act, which specifies the regulations for divorce based on the religion of the married couple.
  2. Compile a fact-based list or collection of documents that you will use as the grounds for filing for a divorce. While grounds for divorce vary depending on the religion of the divorcing parties, general grounds include adultery, abandonment, physical or mental abuse, sexual impotency, if one party has a terminal or incurable disease and if one party is clinically insane.
  3. File (or have your lawyer file on your behalf) the divorce petition at the court in the jurisdiction where the marriage license was originally issued. In addition to the grounds for divorce, you must also provide income tax statements, salary information, details on living arrangements with children and family members and any property or assets that you own separately or jointly.
  4. Pay the filing fee, which will vary depending on the jurisdiction in which you are filing for divorce, though it should not exceed $200.
  5. Sign a Vakalatnama, which gives your lawyer the right to represent you in court.
  6. Answer any additional questions or requests for information that the court or your lawyer may have in regards to your petition for divorce.

How to Study Family Law

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Whether you are a lawyer, law student, or have a personal family issue you are trying to resolve, there are a number of resources available to help answer your legal questions. Family law is a specialization of legal practice that focuses on the laws that relate to family interactions. Subcategories of family law include marriage, divorce, child custody, support, property and adoption. Each state has its own statutes and case law that govern the legalities of family interactions. Follow these guidelines to study family law issues that interest you.

Instructions

  1. Visit a local law library for resource materials. Law schools and most major metropolitan courthouses have extensive law libraries. Law firms that practice family law and in-house counsel for entities that handle family law issues also often have legal resources pertinent to their practice.
  2. Read your state’s family law statutes and legislation. The written statutes are often codified. For example, access the Texas Family Code to find laws pertaining to family issues in Texas.
  3. Study a treatise on family law for a broad understanding of family law issues. Law students refer to the treatises as hornbooks, which are single-volume books written primarily for law students. They are similar to encyclopedias in that they summarize the various aspects of that type of law. They are not state-specific, but will provide references and footnotes to cited cases. As hornbooks are on subjects typically covered by law-school courses, several are available for family law.
  4. Review legal study guides and BARBRI outlines for family law. Study guides generally explain the basic issues without providing detailed analysis. BARBRI outlines are general subject outlines for students preparing to take the Bar Exam.
  5. Volunteer or intern at a family legal aid center. Impoverished people seeking legal help for their problems present a multitude of issues to workers at legal-aid centers.
  6. Watch court proceedings in local family courts. Most judges have full dockets with a variety of legal issues before them, ranging from child-support hearings to divorce trials.

 How to Transfer Shares of an S Corporation to a Spouse in a Divorce

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A major element of a typical divorce case is dividing assets between a husband and wife, according to the book, “The Complete Divorce Handbook: A Practical Guide.” Property is divided either on the settlement agreement reached by you and your spouse or based upon the provisions of an order from the court. For example, you may agree or be ordered to transfer shares of an S corporation from one spouse to another.

Instructions

  1. Include a provision in a property settlement agreement establishing the number of shares of a S corporation to be transferred to either you or your spouse as part of the resolution of your divorce case. Establish a date by which the transfer must occur. In the alternative, if you do not reach a mutual agreement, this information is included in the divorce decree itself.
  2. Draft a transfer agreement. The document need not be complex. Include a basic statement that the established number of shares in the S corporation are to transfer to you or your spouse, pursuant to the terms of the divorce settlement agreement of decree.
  3. Insert signature lines for both you and your spouse. Execute the agreement.
  4. Issue revised stock certificates that set forth the shares transferred to you or your spouse pursuant to the transfer agreement and associated divorce court documents. You can obtain standard stock certificate forms from any office supply store.
  5. Obtain appropriate signatures on the stock certificate. A typical stock certificate is signed by the president and secretary of the S corporation. Because a S corporation is a closely held business entity, you and your husband or another family member of close business associate likely hold these offices.